Endometriosis is an often painful disorder in which tissue that normally lines the inside of the uterus — the endometrium — grows outside the uterus. Most commonly it involves the ovaries, bowel or other tissues around the pelvis. Rarely, endometrial tissue may spread beyond the pelvic region.
In endometriosis, displaced endometrial tissue continues to act as it normally would – it thickens, breaks down and bleeds with each menstrual cycle. When endometriosis involves the ovaries, cysts called endometriomas may form. Surrounding tissue can become irritated, eventually developing scar tissue and adhesions — abnormal tissue – that binds organs together.
Endometriosis is experienced by increasing numbers of women. Its exact causes are unknown but may include: retrograde menstruation (when menstrual flows backwards into the abdominal), genetics, the immune system and/or environmental factors.
Endometriosis can cause pain that is sometimes severe, especially during menstruation. More specifically, symptoms can include:
- Painful, sometimes disabling, menstrual cramps (dysmenorrhea)
- Chronic pain, typically lower back, pelvic or abdominal pain
- Painful intercourse (dyspareunia)
- Painful bowel movements or painful urination (dysuria)
- Heavy menstrual periods (menorrhagia)
- Premenstrual or intermenstrual spotting (bleeding between periods)
- Low mood and self-esteem.
How do we treat endometriosis?
At the Marion Gluck Clinic we have successfully treated many women who have been suffering from mild to severe symptoms. Natural progesterone is a highly effective treatment to counteract the effects of oestrogen that contribute to symptoms of endometriosis.
We carry out a thorough consultation and appropriate tests to determine the optimum treatment plan of bio-identical hormones for each patient.